Latin Name:

Class Reptilia
Order Squamata



Snakes are cylindrical in shape and do no have legs. They are cold blooded. Also they do not have eyelids or external ear openings. They are protected by a layer of scales. Each species of snake has a unique number of scales arranged and colored in a pattern on their bodies which help to identify them. Because snakes grow throughout their lives, they must replace the outer layer of scales (skin), which does not grow, this process is known as shedding, a process which can take up to a week to complete.


Snakes are most active in warm weather and tend to avoid both cold and extremely hot temperatures. Search for snakes when the temperature is right. In the spring, snakes will be more active in the daytime. In the summer, when days are sweltering, snakes will be active at night.

Snakes on the move often stop and pause on surfaces that are warm in order to thermoregulate. Warm surfaces include paved streets, dirt roads, and hiking trails. Keep an eye out for snakes stretched perpendicular to the direction of travel. While good sources of heat, roads and trails are dangerous places with lots of predators. Exposed snakes often take the shortest path to get to cover on the other side.


All snakes are strictly carnivorous, eating small animals including lizards, other snakes, small mammals, birds, eggs, fish, snails or insects.


Most species of snakes lay eggs, but most snakes abandon the eggs shortly after laying. However, a few species (such as the King cobra) actually construct nests and stay in the vicinity of the hatchlings after incubation. Some species of snake are ovoviviparous and retain the eggs within their bodies until they are almost ready to hatch.